Volume 8, Number 6
A Gossman Consulting, Inc. Publication
June 2003

The "Best" Referenced Methods for Organic Hazardous Waste Analysis - An Update


David Gossman, Gossman Consulting, Inc.

As chemists, GCI personnel have set up and operated a significant number of laboratories designed to thoroughly analyze organic hazardous waste prior to thermal treatment. In 1995, GCI published "The “Best” Referenced Methods for Organic Hazardous Waste Analysis”. This publication was a list of the referenced methods that should be considered the currently available "best" methods for using as references in organic hazardous waste analysis.  This provides an update to that publication.




Heat Content, Ash, Total Halogens/Sulfur Prep.

ASTM D5468-02

Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific & Ash Value of Waste Materials

Chlorine, Other Halogens and Sulfur

SW846 9056

Anion Chromatography Method


ASTM D6160-98  Standard Test Method for Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Waste Materials by Gas Chromatography


ASTM D4980-89

SW-846 9045

Standard Test Method for Screening of pH in Waste 

Soil pH

Digestion/Dissolution for Metals

ASTM D5513-99 


ASTM E926-94 (Method A)

Standard Practice for the Microwave Digestion of Industrial Furnace Feedstreams for Trace Element Analysis 

Standard Test Methods of Preparing Refuse-Derived Fuel (RDF) Samples for Analyses of Metals


SW-846 6010A



ASTM D5839

Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy


Standard Test Method for Trace Element Analysis of Hazardous Waste Fuel by Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

Density/Specific Gravity

ASTM D5057-90

Standard Test Method for Screening Apparent Specific Gravity and Bulk Density of Waste


ASTM D2196-99 

ASTM D4979-95

Standard Test Methods for Rheological Properties of Non-Newtonian Materials by Rotational (Brookfield) Viscometer 

Standard Test Method for Physical Description Screening Analysis in Waste

Total Water

ASTM D5530-94 Standard Test Method for Total Moisture of Hazardous Waste Fuel by Karl Fischer Titrimetry 


ASTM D5049-90

Standard Test Method for the Screening of Cyanides in Waste


ASTM D4978-95

Standard Test Method for the Screening of Sulfides in Waste

Volatile/Semivolatile Organics

ASTM D5830

Standard Test Method for Solvents Analysis in Hazardous Waste Using Gas Chromatography


ASTM D5928-96

Standard Test Method for Screening of Waste for Radioactivity